Urinary tract infections are the second most important reason for consulting a family practice doctor after respiratory infections. In hospitals, urinary tract infections are the most frequent source of nosocomial infections and are difficult to treat and prevent. Most urinary tract infections are benign. However, infections may become pathological and result in complicated infections such as cystitis, chronic prostatitis, or even pyelonephritis.
Diagnosis of urinary tract infections relies upon the isolation of the germ responsible as well as the assessment of antibiotic susceptibility. For antibiotic susceptibility testing, the determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) on agar is the reference method. However, this procedure is long and is not adapted to routine diagnosis nor to emergency situations. The URIFAST® ABG V2 kit has been designed to determine the susceptibility of Enterobacteriaceae to the most common antibiotics used in the treatment of bacterial urinary tract infections.